by Michael Kapner on April 12, 2015
Brushing and flossing your teeth isn't hard to do. And doing both properly can help prevent gum disease and tooth loss.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria found in plaque and tartar. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on the teeth and is mostly comprised of bacteria, mucus, food, and other particles. When plaque is not removed, it hardens into tartar, which gives a home to bacteria, according to the American Dental Association (ADA). Bacteria in plaque and tartar cause inflammation of the gums, which is known as gingivitis. Tartar can only be removed by a dental hygienist or dentist.